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Spinal Cord Injury: Hope Through Research This publication provides in-depth information about spinal cord injuries, including a description of how the spinal cord works and a summary of what happens when it is injured. Also included are discussions of immediate available treatments, diagnosis, and injury classification. In addition, the publication provides information on how a spinal cord injury affects the rest of the body, as well as types of rehabilitation and how they help people recover.
Also discussed is NINDS-funded research to increase scientific understanding of spinal cord injury. Current research is focused on advancing our understanding of four key principles of spinal cord repair: neuroprotection (protecting surviving nerve cells from further damage), regeneration (stimulating the regrowth of axons and targeting their connections appropriately), cell replacement (replacing damaged nerve or glial cells), and retraining central nervous system circuits and plasticity to restore body functions. A glossary of spinal cord injury terms and a list of sources of additional information are also included.